Coronavirus and Pregnant: You Sould Know This

Coronavirus and Pregnant: You Sould Know This

Coronavirus and Pregnant-You Sould Know This

If you are pregnant or have just had a baby, you may be concerned about the coronavirus. Are you at extra risk if you are pregnant? What are the dangers for your baby? We answer the most pressing questions about the coronavirus and pregnancy and babies.



1. Is the coronavirus dangerous when you are pregnant?

As far as is known, an infection with this coronavirus is the same in pregnant women as in women who are not pregnant.

In the previous SARS outbreak, pregnant women were at a higher risk of renal failure, miscarriage , premature birth, and delayed infant growth. The new coronavirus appears to be milder.

High fever during pregnancy, like other infectious diseases, can cause problems for your unborn baby. In case of complaints, therefore, keep a close eye on your temperature and use paracetamol if necessary.

Call your doctor or gynecologist if your temperature exceeds 38.5 ° C.

Until now, COVID-19 does not appear to give an increased chance of miscarriage or birth defects in your child. This is evident from data from a small number of patients. More extensive research is needed to gain more clarity.

When you are pregnant, a lot changes in your body. Your immune system also changes. This makes you often more susceptible to respiratory infections from viruses.

There is currently too little scientific information to say whether you are also more susceptible to the coronavirus as a pregnant woman.

2. Can you transmit the coronavirus to your baby during your pregnancy?

Because the virus is still new, there is still little data about infecting your baby during pregnancy. A small study was conducted among nine pregnant women who were sick with the virus.

The results have been published in the medical journal The Lancet .

The study examined bacteria in the throat of newborn babies . In addition, we looked at amniotic fluid , umbilical cord blood and breast milk. No virus particles were found in this.

It therefore seems that the virus is not easily transmitted from mother to child during pregnancy.

New arrived on March 26 study was conducted on among infected pregnant women in Wuhan. Their 33 babies were examined after birth.

Three of them nevertheless showed indications that they may have become infected in the womb and became ill as a result.

The research group was also small here and two out of three sick babies also had other problems such as prematurity and meconium in the amniotic fluid. It is therefore too early to draw clear conclusions from this.

This requires research with larger groups of patients. It is also good to know that most babies in the studies conducted were healthy after birth.

3. What are the dangers for your (newborn) baby?

Overall, it appears that COVID-19 is fairly mild in babies and young children. Serious medical problems are not common in children with the coronavirus. It is mainly older people and people with other conditions who become seriously ill.

However, as with other flu-like viruses, children with underlying health problems are at greater risk of becoming seriously ill.

Little information is yet available on the dangers to newborn babies of mothers with the coronavirus. A study of a small number of patients showed that babies born to infected mothers may have health problems after birth. Whether this is due to the coronavirus and in what way needs further investigation.

The medical journal The Lancet reports that recent research has so far examined 230 infected children, including three newborn babies.

Most children had mild complaints, including the newborn babies. There were no deaths in this group. Serious complaints only occurred in the children who already had other health problems.

4. What extra precautions can you take if you are pregnant?

If you are pregnant, you can take the same precautions as other people. The following things are advised by RIVM and the government:

  • Wash your hands regularly.
  • Do not shake hands.
  • Postpone visits to vulnerable people, such as the elderly and people with low resistance, as much as possible.
  • Stay at home as much as possible and avoid contact with people with flu-like symptoms. Only go out the door for groceries, a quick breath of fresh air and work (if you cannot work at home).
  • Use tissue paper when sneezing and coughing.
  • Cough and sneeze into your elbow fold.
  • If possible, work from home and avoid large groups.
  • Do you suffer from a cold, cough, sore throat or fever? Then stay home anyway. If you work in healthcare, you are very much needed! Only stay at home with colds and fever.
  • Everyone should stay at home when someone in your family has a fever, except if you are doing a critical job.
  • Keep as far as 1.5 meters away from others.
  • Avoid social contact as much as possible, even at home. Do people come to your house? Keep in mind that these are no more than three people and keep a distance of 1.5 meters.
  • If you work with (potentially) infected people, professional protection including a mask is recommended. Are you in your third trimester? Then it is best to avoid direct contact with patients with COVID-19. Discuss with your employer whether you can temporarily perform other activities.

5. Can you breastfeed if you are infected?

In the studies conducted, no virus particles were found in breast milk. So it seems that the virus does not pass into breast milk. However, this has not yet been widely investigated, so it is not entirely certain.

Breastfeeding offers many benefits , including protection against infectious diseases. So there is something to be said for just breastfeeding. It is best to consult with your doctor, midwife or pediatrician how you can approach this most safely.

It is recommended to take the following precautions when breastfeeding or bottle feeding:

  • Wash your hands before touching your baby or the breast pump or bottle
  • Try to avoid coughing and sneezing when feeding
  • Consider wearing a mouth mask when feeding
  • Thoroughly clean a breast pump according to the accompanying instructions after use
  • Consider having a healthy person (your partner, for example) give a bottle of (expressed) milk to your baby

6. What should you do if you have complaints of the coronavirus?

Are you pregnant and not feeling well? Then be extra alert to complaints that may fit COVID-19. If you have respiratory complaints and a fever, it is best to contact your doctor immediately.

Even if you have been in contact with a patient with COVID-19 in the past two weeks, it is still wise to call your doctor or GGD.

The advice is to call first and not immediately go to the general practice. This will prevent you from infecting other people in the waiting room.

7. Is it still wise to get the whooping cough vaccination?

Many planned appointments with healthcare providers are rescheduled or made by telephone. Are you around 22 weeks pregnant? Then you may wonder if it is still wise to get the whooping cough vaccination. The advice is to do this. You don't have to postpone it until after April 6.

It is important that you get this vaccination. This way you protect your baby against the infectious disease whooping cough . Are you sick, do you have a fever and / or a cold, such as sneezing, a runny nose, sore throat or cough? Then stay at home and reschedule the appointment.

What is the 'new' coronavirus?

A corona virus is a certain type of virus, of which there are several variants. The coronavirus that is currently spreading around the world is called SARS-CoV-2. It causes a flu-like illness. This disease is called COVID-19, with the 19 referring to 2019.

In 2002 there was also an outbreak with a coronavirus: SARS. This virus was SARS-Cov-1. The two viruses are similar, but express themselves differently.

Symptoms

The symptoms associated with COVID-19 are very similar to the symptoms of an 'ordinary' flu. The following symptoms can occur:
  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath / difficulty breathing
  • Fatigue
  • Muscle pains

Some people have very mild or even no complaints if they are infected. There are also people who get very ill because of a serious complication. Usually this is pneumonia. This is most common in people who have other health problems, such as heart failure or immune problems.

Contamination

The virus is transmitted from person to person by small droplets in the air. These are released into the air through sneezing, talking or coughing. You can also become infected through close contact with a COVID-19 patient, for example by hugging and giving kisses.

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